Safety incidents guide
Site safety plans.
The efforts of the site safety plan is to establish necessities for protecting the health and safety of first responders during all events conducted at an incident.
It covers safety information, instructions, and procedures. A site safety plan must be organized and reviewed by qualified personnel for each hazardous material response.
Before operations at an incident commence, safety requirements must be written, conspicuously posted or circulated to all response personnel, and discussed with them.
The safety plan must be periodically reviewed to keep it current and technically correct. In nonemergency situations, such as long-term remedial action at abandoned hazardous waste sites, safety plans are developed simultaneously with the general work plan.
Workers can become familiar with the plan before site events begin. Emergency response in general requires verbal safety instructions and reliance on existing standard operating procedures until, when time permits, a plan can be written.
The plan must contain safety requirements for routine (but hazardous) response activities and also for unexpected site emergencies.
The major distinction between routine and emergency site safety planning is predictability. Routine activities are predictable and may be monitored and evaluated. A site emergency is unpredictable and may take place anytime.
A site-specific health and safety plan becomes part of the company’s written health and safety program. The site safety and health plan, which must be kept on-site, must address the safety and health hazards of each phase of site operations.
The health and safety plan should:
- Define the known hazards and evaluate the risks associated with the incident and with each activity conducted.
- List key personnel and alternates responsible for site safety, response operations, and protection of the public.
- Describe personal protective equipment (PPE) to be worn by employees.
- Designate work areas.
- Establish procedures to control site right of entry.
- Describe procedures to control site right of entry.
- Establish site emergency procedures.
- Address emergency medical care for injuries and toxicological harms.
- Define requirements for an environmental observation program.
- Specify any routine and special training necessary for responders.
- Establish measures for guarding workers from weather-related difficulties.
SITE SAFETY PLANS—SCOPE AND FACTORS.
The plan’s scope, detail, and length is based on:
- Information available about the incident
- Time available to prepare a site-specific proposal
- Reason for reacting.